Amid being considered “the Gospel of Love”, John has also been called a “Gospel of Violence” because of what scholars perceived to be narratives of conflict in this Gospel. For some social-science critics, John’s binary language (e.g., above-below, light-darkness, etc.) reflects a conflict which was experienced by a putative Johannine community. This paper will conduct a synchronic analysis of Jn 3:16-21 using insights from the sociology of conflict to investigate the so-called presence of conflict in John. It is proposed that John’s complex binary language is inseparable from the Gospel’s Christological and soteriological proclamation.
Nuancing the Notion of Conflict in the Gospel of John John 3:16-21 as a Test Case
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